LARGE 10-SHOT 11MM PINFIRE JOSEPH CHAINEUX BREVETE Revolver c1860s Antique
Mid-19th Century HIGH CAPACITY Revolver
Here we present an antique Joseph Chaineux Brevete 10-Shot Revolver in 11mm, manufactured circa the 1860s in Liege, Belgium. Chaineux revolvers with as many as 20 shots are known to exist. This 10-shot example has attractive floral scroll engraving and is marked “J. CHAINEUX INVR BTE” in one of the cylinder flutes. The triangular front sight and hammer notch rear sight would have been useful when firing in single action. It sports sculpted ebony grips with a lanyard ring fitted at the bottom of the butt. Chaineux worked in Liege as a gunmaker from 1864 to 1884 and lived at Place des Carmes 26.
It would have been quite advantageous having 10 shots when most were still using single shot weapons. It was quite superior in many ways to contemporaneous American designs, most of which were still using the percussion firing system, of which Colt, Remington and Starr were the largest contractors. The biggest exception to that was Smith & Wesson’s No. 2 “Old Army” Revolver, but that was chambered for a relatively small .32 Rimfire metallic cartridge, holding six shots. This was firing a .43 caliber bullet with 10 in a double action format.
A little more history on the Lefauchuexs: In 1835, a notable gun maker and inventor patented one of the first self-contained firearms cartridges, which he had designed back in 1828. This very early design included a case with ball, powder and primer, but what made it different from what was to come later in cartridge development was the “firing pin” that projected out of the side of the case. It was this pin that was struck and detonated the primer inside. His son, Eugene, would build on Casimir’s invention, designing a pistol to take advantage of it. The hammer would be flat and smash down on the side of the cylinder, from which the pin of the cartridge would project. This revolver and pistol design would become prolific, especially in Europe throughout the 19th Century, being adopted by militaries, used by civilians and police, and even being sold for use during the American Civil War.
The overall condition is fine. Original finish. The action is excellent in both double and single action modes. The bore is in very good condition: reflective with sharp rifling. The grips are solid. Engravings and markings are clear. This is a rare and fantastic piece of cutting edge hardware from the 1860s!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 6-1/8 inches.
Caliber: 11mm Pinfire
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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