Here we present an antique Civil War Richardson & Overman Gallager Patent Percussion Saddle Ring Carbine manufactured in the early 1860s in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This carbine was invented by South Carolina native Mahlon Gallager, who licensed the design to Richardson and Overman of Philadelphia for production. On August 31, 1861, the first Gallager was sold to the U.S. Army. 22,728 Gallager carbines were purchased during the Civil War and saw extensive use as a cavalry arm with the Union troops. Both percussion and metallic cartridge versions of the Gallager carbine were manufactured, but extraction problems with both cartridge types made this rifle somewhat unpopular with the troops that used it. This carbine fired an unprimed .50 caliber cartridge with a brass foil and paper-wrapped case. Ignition was provided by the percussion cap. A major fault of these carbines was the absence of a suitable extractor. The case had to be extracted with a knife or some other sharp tool. When the trigger guard lever is lowered, the barrel slides out from the frame and tips downward to receive the cartridge.
This cavalry carbine was known to be used by the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th Ohio, the 13th Tennessee and the 3rd West Virginia cavalries.
The overall condition is good. This one has the initials “J. A.” carved into the left side of the butt stock with some other writing above it that we cannot make out. Gray patina throughout. The action remains strong. The bore is mostly reflective with sharp rifling with some small dark spots throughout. The walnut stock remains solid. Front and rear sights have been replaced. A nice example of the Gallager Patent cavalry carbine used by the Union!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 22-1/4 inches.
Caliber: .50 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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