1862 CONFEDERATE C.S. RICHMOND ARMORY HUMPBACK MUSKET CSA Civil War Antique
Made with Machinery & Parts Captured at Harpers Ferry!
Here we present an antique Confederate C.S. Richmond Armory Rifle-Musket, made in 1862 in Richmond, Virginia. The original Virginia Manufactory of Arms was a state-owned manufacturer of firearms and arsenal in what today is Richmond, Virginia. It was established by the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1798 to supply the Virginia militia with firearms. The factory operated from around 1802 to 1821. When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, the works were revived as the Richmond Armory, eventually utilizing the machinery captured from Harpers Ferry in April 1861. The Richmond Armory Rifle-Muskets are easily identified by the hump-back lock plate made from forgings and dies for the U.S. Model 1855 Maynard tape primer lock plate that were captured at Harpers Ferry (April 1861). While the Model 1855 lock was made to be milled out for the use of paper primers, Richmond left the locks intact and simply used the standard percussion caps directly on the nipple. This musket represents the most numerous domestically produced longarm of the Confederacy and one that would have been found in the infantry’s hands most often.
This musket has the T-slot rear sight cut on the barrel with “V”, “P”, and eagle head proofs. The lock is the “type II” variety with the 1862 date at the tail and “C.S.” over “RICHMOND VA” at the front. The stock is from a Model 1861 that was chiseled out to accommodate the humpback lock during the period of use. The bottom of the stock is hand-marked “1st MA INF” for the 1st Massachusetts Infantry which was a volunteer unit that mustered in Boston early in the war: May of 1861. They were at Bull Run, Virginia, and fought at the Battle of Blackburn’s Ford (July 18) as well as the First Battle of Bull Run (July 27), where it took casualties in both cases. The unit served until it was ordered home May 20, 1864. Many of those who stayed in went to the 11th MA Infantry. There is too activity to list here by the unit. This musket was kept working by the CSA with the replacement of the stock with a captured one. There are two spots of the left side where the initials “JTH” have been carved. An “X” has been carved on the comb in front of the butt plate. A small German silver oval is affixed to the stock at the top of the grip.
The overall condition is good, rating even better for being a Confederate gun. Untouched patina. The action is excellent. The barrel was bored smooth to .60 caliber and remains untouched. The stock shows much use and weathering; the split behind the lock is stable and the rest of the stock is solid. A fantastic chance to own a piece of history!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 40 inches.
Caliber: .60 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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