1804 DATED VIRGINIA MANUFACTORY Model 1795 Flintlock CONFEDERATE Musket 1st
Richmond, VA Made in the Only State Run Armory
Here we present a Rare Antique Richmond Manufactory 1st Model Flintlock Musket, made in Richmond, Virginia in 1804. These were US Models 1795 made in Virginia for Virginia. 1st Models were produced between the time the Manufactory opened in 1802 through 1808 and the 2nd Model Virginia Manufactory Muskets were built from 1809 to 1814.They were completely hand built and as such several variations have been noted between muskets.
In 1802 the first state owned firearm factory began production under Superintendent John Clarke. The factory produced not only firearms, but swords and bayonets all the way up until 1821 when production ceased. By this time, many other sources of firearms were being more readily produced and the armory was no longer necessary. That and, according to Giles Cromwell, Virginia went through a period of stagnation due to economic factors in the state that lasted from about the time the Manufactory closed up to when the Civil War began.
Due to the shortage of percussion small arms at the onset of the Civil War, the bulk of Stonewall Jackson’s divisions were armed with flintlocks at the start of the Valley Campaign, including many from the Virginia Manufactory arsenal. When the Civil War began, records show that virtually none of the Virginia Manufactory muskets had been converted at all. From October 1, 1859 to November 1, 1861 over 44,000 Virginian long arms were issued from stores, all still in their original flintlock configuration. No other flintlocks are recorded as having been distributed after this last date, and Cromwell suggests that this was the beginning of a campaign to cycle these muskets back through for update and conversion to percussion.
There was a short revival period of the factory during the Civil War, but in 1865 a fire destroyed the interior and it was never rebuilt. In recent years, a Federal Bank and a packaging company have completed construction over top of the Manufactory’s original site leaving no traces of the country’s earliest state-owned firearm factory. All we have left to remember this part of history by are a few public records and the products the factory produced. Luckily, we have one of those few muskets here!
The overall condition is very good. Original patina. The action is excellent. The bore is smooth and patinated. The walnut stock shows use and remains solid. These are quite rare today in general, but even more so in their original flintlock configuration!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 44 inches.
Caliber: .69 Flintlock
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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