Civil War IDed 13th NEW YORK CAVALRY Company I Antique SHARPS 1863 Carbine
Issued to Private James McMickle in 1863
Here we present an antique Sharps New Model 1863 Carbine, made circa 1863. This carbine has been identified by serial number in the book Civil War Sharps Carbines & Rifles by Early J. Coates & John D. McAulay. It was issued to Private James McMickle of I Company of the Thirteenth NY Cavalry when the unit was formed circa June 1863 through the end of that year. James was a 34-year-old from New York’s 8th District when he enlisted in 10 December of 1863. He was promoted to Corporal 4 June 1864 (Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York for the Year 1894 Volume IV: Registers of the 13th…Regiments of Cavalry, N.Y. Vols., in War of the Rebellion.). Summary of duty for the 13th from the National Parks Service:
Regiment organized at Staten Island, N Y., by consolidation of several incomplete Cavalry organizations June 20, 1863. 6 Companies (“A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” “E” and “F”) left State for Washington, D. C., June 23, 1863. Companies “G” and “H” August 14, 1863, and “I,” “K,” “L” and “M” in winter of 1863-1864. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, June to December, 1863. Tyler’s Division, 22nd Army Corps, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Tyler’s Division, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. Cavalry Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
Patrol duty in rear or Army or the Potomac, during Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign, June-July, 1863. New York Riots July 15, 1863 (Cos. “G,” “H”). Duty in and covering the Defences of Washington, D. C., till June, 1865. Action at Fairfax, Va., August 24, 1863. Operating against Moseby till October, 1863. Near Bristoe Station October 14. Chantilly October 16. Near Lewinsville December 9. Near Vienna December 16. Fairfax Court House December 22. Scout from Vienna to Leesburg December 25-27. Scout from Vienna to Hopewell Gap December 28-31. Front Royal February 20, 1864. Scout from Vienna to Farmwell February 25-26. Scout from Vienna toward Upperville April 28-May 1. Carter’s Farm May 1. Near Aldie June 11 and July 9. Mt. Zion Church, near Aldie, July 6. Scout from Falls Church July 18-21 (Detachment). Fairfax Station August 8. Blue Ridge Mountains August 10. Annandale September 3. Culpeper September 4. Near Centreville September 13. Fairfax Station September 17. Culpeper September 22. Salem and White Plains October 5-7. Moseby’s Camp October 14. Union Mills October 16. Piedmont October 19. Near Fall’s Church October 22. Rectorstown December 21. Lewinsville January 1, 1865. Near Broad Run February 3. Near Leesburg February 6. Near Peach Grove March 12 (Detachment). Near Dranesville March 18 (Detachment). Consolidated with 16th New York Cavalry June 23, 1865, to form 3rd Regiment Provisional Cavalry.
Regiment lost during service 31 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 97 Enlisted men by disease. Total 129.
This carbine was converted to 50-70 Govt circa 1867 for use in the West by the federal government in the post-Civil War period. Over 100,000 Sharps rifles and carbines were purchased and used by the federal government during the American Civil War. In 1867, the Ordnance Department contracted with the Sharps Rifle Company for conversion of over 31,000 Sharps percussion carbines to the .50-70 breech loading configuration. These carbines were issued to the regular cavalry regiments on the western frontier and remained in service until they were replaced by the Springfield Model 1873 Carbine.
The left side of the receiver is stamped with the two-line Sharps patent marks and the Lawrence and Sharps patent markings are stamped on the right side of the receiver. They went on to experience some of the most exciting times in American history during the Indian Wars, the settling of the Western Frontier, and the connecting of the coasts with the railroad.
The overall condition is very good. Nice, older re-blued finish. Robust action. Shiny bright, sharply rifled bore. This example sports a solid walnut stock despite some chipping to the right side of the receiver tang and the short, stable crack off the left side at the front of the comb. A clear “DFC” Ordnance inspector cartouche is clear in the middle of the left side of the butt stock while the cartouche from the original manufacture of the carbine is a bit faint around the sling ring bar. A very nice piece of history with use in both the Civil War and during the Indian Wars!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 22-1/4 inches.
Caliber: .50-70 GOVT
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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