SIMEON NORTH Model 1843 HALL Breech Loader CARBINE
“US” Marked 1 of 10,500 Contracted by Simeon North
Here we present an antique U.S. Model 1843 Side Lever Breech Loading Carbine from the Simeon North Contract, made circa 1852 in Middletown, Connecticut. A native of Berlin, Connecticut, Simeon North was a successful manufacturer of scythes before he turned to gun making, eventually becoming one of the major suppliers of firearms to the United States military before the Civil War. In 1799, North secured his first contract with the army, who ordered 500 of his flintlock pistols; the next year the order was increased to 1500. Following the outbreak of the War of 1812, North expanded his plant in order to meet the government’s orders. He was the first to use the principle of interchangeable parts when he filled an order for 20,000 flintlock pistols.
North was better known for the rifles that he produced. In 1823, he won a government contract in which he supplied the army with standard breech-loading rifles. These initially were flintlock arms, but in 1843 North submitted a new design for governmental approval. His revamped model was christened “North’s Improvement” for its improved method of working the breech mechanism. Until then, breech-loading rifles were flawed with loose seams between the chamber and the barrel, causing flames to spurt out the back and losing some velocity because of this gas leakage. North’s design made the breech mechanism fit more closely to the barrel, thus reducing the loss of velocity. His adaptation of the Hall percussion breechloader was a success with the army, and he continued filling orders until his death in 1852.
This carbine was made in 1852 and would have been in use before and during the American Civil War. There is a bit of graffiti near the left toe of the stock.
The overall condition is good. The iron parts have a dark gray patina. The markings are clear. The walnut stock has an old crack, which is stable and has smooth worn edges. The bore is in good shape, dim yet with sharp rifling. The action is strong. Here is a great untouched example of a scarce contract carbine that has been there and done that!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 21 inches.
Caliber: .52 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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