MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA NORRIS & CLEMENT M1861 Rifle-Musket CIVIL WAR Antique
ACW Everyman’s Infantry Arm with Bayonet
Here we present an antique Samuel Norris & William T. Clement Model 1863 Civil War Rifle-Musket, made circa 1864 in Springfield, Massachusetts, specifically for the State of Massachusetts Militia. This in addition to the Massachusetts markings on the lock, this one bears two clear cartouches on the left stock flat, rack number of “10” on the butt plate tang and comb of the stock, and a matching bayonet.
The Model 1861 was the primary musket at the start of the American Civil War, with the Model 1863 a variant of the M1861. The musket was designed to fire the .58 caliber minie ball. The M1861 is representative of the “everyman’s” rifle during the war. About 1.5 million rifle-muskets were made in the U.S., over 800,000 of which were made by the Springfield Armory. This was the last hurrah of the rifle-musket as arms development and tactics rapidly advanced during the short period of the American Civil War. Nevertheless, the 1861 represented new technology as it was made for use with the Minié ball, a hollow based, conical projectile that was small enough to quickly push down the muzzle of a rifled barrel and expanded to create a good gas seal unlike a solid, round ball. Almost immediately after the war, the US military switched from the old muzzle loading type weapons to the newer breech loading rifles, bringing an end to the musket as a standard frontline firearm in American history.
The emergency that confronted the nation with the onset of civil war overwhelmed the productive capability of Springfield Armory. The federal armories simply could not manufacture enough weapons to outfit the thousands of soldiers quickly filling the ranks of Union armies. This situation was worsened with the loss of the armory at Harpers Ferry. Outside help was needed, and the government procured the assistance of private manufacturers. Springfield Armory provided technical assistance and supervised the manufacturing and distribution of the Model 1861 muskets so that these contract weapons essentially conformed to the “government model” of the .58 caliber rifle musket. These weapons, as opposed to the numerous pistols and carbines that were purchased on contract, differ basically only in the markings on their lockplates. Norris & Clement manufactured 11,000 muskets in 1863 and 1864 and incorporated the improvements of the Model 1863 system.
The overall condition is fine. Original bright armory finish. The action is excellent. The bore is in good condition with nice rifling. The walnut stock shows two clear cartouches and in solid overall.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 40 inches.
Caliber: .58 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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