CIVIL WAR Massachusetts Arms SMITH PATENT Breech Loading CAVALRY SR Carbine
Antique Percussion Carbine Used by Many Cavalry Units During War
Here we present an antique Massachusetts Arms Co. Smith’s Patent Carbine, made circa 1862 by Massachusetts Arms Co. of Chicopee Falls, Mass. About 30,000 of these carbines were made with a production run between 1861 and 1865, and almost all of them were used in the Union cavalry of the American Civil War. The designer was Dr. Gilbert Smith of New York. His design featured a simple break open action, providing a single shot, utilizing a cartridge made of rubber. While many different cartridges were in use simultaneously during the war—which must have been a logistical nightmare—the rubber cartridge was both a nuisance to the shooter who had to get the hot gummy thing out of the chamber once fired, as well as to the ammunition manufacturer, who had to acquire rubber from distant places. In place of rubber, many other materials were also tried.
According to Flayderman, the Smith Carbine was known to have been utilized in number by the 3rd West Virginia, 7th and 11th Illinois, 1st Connecticut, 7th and 17th Pennsylvania, 6th and 9th Ohio, and 1st Massachusetts Cavalries.
The over condition is very good. Excellent, tight action. The bore is bright with nice rifling. The walnut stock is solid (has a few spots of filler on the left buttstock and the left fore end has a missing sliver). The markings are sharp. Numbers match.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 21-5/8 inches.
Caliber: .50 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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