CIVIL WAR Antique U.S. TRENTON, NEW JERSEY Contract Model 1861 Rifle-Musket
TRENTON LOCOMOTIVE & MACHINE Co. Rifle w/ BAYONET
Here we present an antique U.S. Model 1861 Rifle-Musket, manufactured under a contract held by J.T. Hodge and A.M. Burton at the Trenton Locomotive and Machine Company in Trenton, New Jersey in 1864. The M1861 is representative of the “everyman’s” rifle during the American Civil War. About 1.5 million rifle-muskets were made in the U.S., over 800,000 of which were made by the Springfield Armory. Estimates vary, but Flayderman estimates that 11,495 were made at the Trenton Locomotive & Machine Company.
This was the last hurrah of the rifle-musket as arms development and tactics rapidly advanced during the short period of the American Civil War. Nevertheless, the 1861 represented new technology as it was made for use with the Minié ball, a hollow based, conical projectile that was small enough to quickly push down the muzzle of a rifled barrel and expanded to create a good gas seal unlike a solid, round ball. Almost immediately after the war, the US military switched from the old muzzle loading type weapons to the newer breech loading rifles, bringing an end to the musket as a standard frontline firearm in American history.
The overall condition is very good. Robust action. Bright bore. The walnut stock is solid throughout. “1864” is dated on both the lock and barrel tang. The barrel top is Liege proofed, which is an interesting feature that we had not seen before on this Model. Still federally viewed and proofed on the left side of the barrel. “US” stamped bayonet, in good shape. This is a very nice contract Model 1861 by Trenton Locomotive in New Jersey with an imported Belgian barrel!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 40 inches.
Caliber: .58 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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