CIVIL WAR Antique BARNETT Rifled .577 ARTILLERY Carbine CONFEDERATE Import
“GUNMAKER TO THE CONFEDERACY”
Here we present an antique Civil War-era Commercial Pattern Enfield Artillery Percussion Rifled Carbine, made by Barnett in London, England, circa 1861. There is no English gun maker who could more appropriately be called the “Gun Maker to the Confederacy” than the London firm of John Edward Barnett & Sons. During the course of the American Civil War, Barnett delivered thousands of Pattern 1853 “Enfield” rifle muskets, as well as Pattern 1853 Artillery and Pattern 1856 Cavalry carbines to the Confederacy.
During the Civil War years, Barnett relied heavily on a variety of contractors to produce piecework parts, which were subsequently assembled into complete arms in the Barnett shop. While Barnett could clearly manufacture entire guns in house, and often did, it was sometimes more expedient and cost effective to sub-contract for major components when large contracts were received and had to be filled quickly.
Many of the orders received from the Confederacy during the course of the American Civil War were just these types of orders, which had to be completed as quickly as possible. It is not uncommon to disassemble a Pattern 1853 rifle musket with a Barnett marked lock, only to discover that the gun may have been assembled by Barnett but that few, if any, of the components were actually produced by Barnett.
The Pattern 1853 was Britain’s adopted rifle from 1853 until the Snider system was adopted to transform arms into breech-loaders. In addition to its use around the world with the British military, this was one of the most popular arms for the infantry during the American Civil War. The Pattern 1853 rifle-musket was used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model 1861 Rifled Musket. The Confederates imported more Enfields during the course of the war than any other small arm, buying from private contractors and gun runners. It has been estimated that over 900,000 P53 Enfields were imported into America and saw service in every major engagement of the war.
The overall condition is good. Strong action. The bore is dim and remains in good shape for its age. This example sports a solid stock with less than expected stock and has had a light refinishing. Markings are legible. “WR” is marked on the left stock flat.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 24 inches.
Caliber: .577 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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