British 42nd REGIMENT Brown Bess FLINTLOCK Musket
SCOTTISH INFANTRY Regiment of the British Army
Here we present an antique British Brown Bess Flintlock Musket, made circa the late-1790s in Birmingham. It is marked “42-REGt” on the barrel and “D/16” on the butt plate tang, indicating it was used by the 42nd Regiment of Foot, also known as the Black Watch.
The 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot was a Scottish infantry regiment in the British Army. In 1748, on the disbanding of Oglethorpe’s Regiment of Foot, they were numbered 42nd and in 1751 formally titled the 42nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot. The 42nd Regiment was one of the first three Highland Regiments to fight in North America.
The 42nd regiment saw quite a lot of activity in the early years of the Americas. During the French and Indian War, at the first battle of Ticonderoga the regiment lost over half of its men in the assault in July 1758. At that time, they were already officially recognized as a Royal regiment. The second battalion of the Black Watch was sent to the Caribbean but after the losses of Ticonderoga, the two battalions were consolidated in New York. The regiment was present at the second battle of Ticonderoga in July 1759 and the surrender of Montreal in September 1760.
During the American Revolutionary War, the regiment was involved in the defeat of George Washington in the Battle of Long Island in August 1776 and saw combat at the Battle of Harlem Heights in September 1776, the Battle of Fort Washington in November 1776 and the Battle of Piscataway in February 1777. It also fought at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the Battle of Germantown in October 1777, and the Battle of Monmouth in June 1778 as well as the siege of Charleston in spring 1780. In September 1778 a detachment from the regiment raided Fairhaven, Massachusetts, inflicting severe damage on the town’s shipping industry. Following the end of the war in America, the 42nd were posted to Nova Scotia in 1783, serving there until 1786 when they moved north to Cape Breton Island. The regiment returned to England in 1789. Landing at Portsmouth, they marched to Tynemouth in Northumberland and in the spring of 1790 marched on to Glasgow, before taking up residence at Edinburgh Castle in November 1790.
The 42nd would go on to lay siege to Cairo and Alexandria in Egypt during the French Revolution, taking them in succession before fighting the French in the Napoleonic Wars of the early-19th Century. The 42nd was there at the conclusion for the Battle of Quatre Bras as well as Waterloo.
The overall condition is good. Strong action. The bore is smooth and dim with age. The stock is solid with an above average amount of wear and contains a few minor repairs around the central barrel pin and behind the barrel tang. “TOWER” marked lock. “42 Regt” is stamped atop the barrel. “__S.W.” is stamped on the left buttstock near the tang. Crown/GR stamp on the right side of the buttstock.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 39 inches.
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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