Antique U.S. SIMEON NORTH M1843 HALL Breech Loading Percussion SR CARBINE
1 of 10,500 Contracted by Simeon North with SCARCE .52 RIFLED BORE
Here we present an antique U.S. Model 1843 Side Lever Breech Loading Saddle Ring Carbine from the Simeon North Contract, made circa 1850 in Middletown, Connecticut. A native of Berlin, Connecticut, Simeon North was a successful manufacturer of scythes before he turned to gun making, eventually becoming one of the major suppliers of firearms to the United States military before the Civil War. 10,500 of these “side lever” Hall carbines were produced by Simeon North in 1844-1853. More than half are believed to have been rifled for use in the Civil War. Most of the rifled carbines were part of the 5,000 rebored and rifled for .58 caliber Minie balls during the “Hall Carbine Affair”.
The Model 1843 Hall/North Carbine was the last of the Hall carbines and rifles issued by the U.S. Army. Model 1843 Hall carbines were carried by U.S. Dragoons during the Mexican War and continued in service through most of the Civil War, being issued to many cavalry units in Illinois, Missouri and Kansas.
North was better known for the rifles that he produced. In 1823, he won a government contract in which he supplied the army with standard breech-loading rifles. These initially were flintlock arms, but in 1843 North submitted a new design for governmental approval. His revamped model was christened “North’s Improvement” for its improved method of working the breech mechanism. Until then, breech-loading rifles were flawed with loose seams between the chamber and the barrel, causing flames to spurt out the back and losing some velocity because of this gas leakage. North’s design made the breech mechanism fit more closely to the barrel, thus reducing the loss of velocity. His adaptation of the Hall percussion breechloader was a success with the army, and he continued filling orders until his death in 1852.
The overall condition is very good. Strong action. Good bore. The walnut stock is solid throughout. Markings are legible. “1850” dated breech block. “P.G.” is hand carved into the bottom of the buttstock. A nice example of a rather scarce version of the Hall Carbine!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 21 inches.
Caliber: .52 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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