Antique ROBBINS, KENDALL & LAWRENCE Contract Model 1841 “MISSISSIPPI” Rifle
Antebellum/Civil War Rifle-Musket Made in 1848
Here we present an antique Robbins, Kendall, & Lawrence U.S. Model 1841 Mississippi Rifle, manufactured circa 1848 in Windsor, Vermont as part of a 10,000 rifle contract with the Ordnance Department. Design work on the Model 1841 began in 1840. The result was a hefty 9 pound rifle chambered for the .54 round ball. The Harpers Ferry Arsenal had just completed production of the Hall Rifle when it also took on production of the Model 1841. Production continued at Harpers Ferry from 1941 until 1861, with over 25,000 produced by 1855 alone. It was adopted by the U.S. Army forces and became the first standard production percussion rifle. As mentioned, it was originally chambered in .54, and in 1855 the rifle underwent a modification to chamber the .58 Minie ball. The .58 Minie became the standard for the Army and the existing model 1841s were reworked to support it.
First use of the Model 1841 was during the Seminole Wars (1816-1858) between the United States Army and the Seminole tribes in Florida. The rifle earned it name of “Mississippi Rifle” during the Mexican American War (1846-1848) under the banner of the Mississippi volunteer regiment headed by Jefferson Davis. Davis got the untested rifle-musket into the hands of his men and was a deciding factor during the Battle of Buena Vista against Santa Anna’s forces. The battle was a decisive victory by the 4,594 Americans over a much larger Mexican Army of 15,000+ strong.
Like many mid-century guns, the Model 1841 remained in use in sizeable numbers by the time of the American Civil War. Like the South, the Federal forces also carried this model into combat due to shortages on both sides when the fighting began. Even at this time, it was still called by its well-earned nickname of “Mississippi Rifle”.
The overall condition is very good. Strong action. The bore is mostly bright. The stock has a small crack (stable) behind the lock and two cartouches on the left wrist. “1848” dated lock. “1852” dated barrel tang. This is a nice example of a “Mississippi Rifle”.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 33 inches.
Caliber: .58 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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