1st MD CAVALRY PHB GALLAGER CARBINE Civil War Potomac Home Brigade STRODE
Stock Carved with the Name “D. Strode”
Here we present an antique Civil War Richardson & Overman Gallager Patent Percussion Saddle Ring Carbine manufactured in the early 1860s in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This one bears the name “D. Strode” carved into the left side of the stock. There were only four D. Strodes who fought for the Union, and only one of them was a cavalryman. Daniel Strode enlisted in the 1st Maryland Cavalry Potomac Home Brigade, Company B on 1 September 1861 as a Private. It is known that the 1st was issued Gallager patent carbines. The other side is carved with the initials “AW”.
This carbine was invented by South Carolina native Mahlon Gallager, who licensed the design to Richardson and Overman of Philadelphia for production. On August 31, 1861, the first Gallager was sold to the U.S. Army. 22,728 Gallager carbines were purchased during the Civil War and saw extensive use as a cavalry arm with the Union troops. Both percussion and metallic cartridge versions of the Gallager carbine were manufactured, but extraction problems with both cartridge types made this rifle somewhat unpopular with the troops that used it. This carbine fired an unprimed .50 caliber cartridge with a brass foil and paper-wrapped case. Ignition was provided by the percussion cap. A major fault of these carbines was the absence of a suitable extractor. The case had to be extracted with a knife or some other sharp tool. When the trigger guard lever is lowered, the barrel slides out from the frame and tips downward to receive the cartridge.
The overall condition is very good. Gray patina throughout. The action is excellent. The bore is reflective with sharp rifling. The walnut stock shows wear and has some minute, stable, and non-threatening splits at the edges; otherwise, it is solid. A nice carbine issued to the 1st Maryland Cavalry of the Potomac Home Brigade!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 22-1/4 inches.
Caliber: .50 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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