1863 mfr Antique British P1853 ENFIELD Musket Crown Cipher Civil War Crimea
With Initials “GWB” Carved into the Butt Stock
Here we present an antique British Tower Pattern 1853 Enfield Percussion Rifle-Musket, made in 1863 in England. The P53 was the British Military Ordnance Board’s choice for adoption as the primary long arm in 1853. It was considered the apex European military gun of that time, introduced by the British War Department after several studies to improve the calibers and the dimensions of the previous models. However, it kept the same general appearance of the earlier pattern 1851. The overwhelming majority of P53 Enfield Rifles, including this example, were made by commercial gun makers in Birmingham and London under contract.
The Enfield 1853 rifle-musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model 1861 Rifled Musket. The Confederates imported more Enfields during the course of the war than any other small arm, buying from private contractors and gun runners. It has been estimated that over 900,000 P53 Enfields were imported into America and saw service in every major engagement of the war.
The 1853s were also used in the Crimean War from 1854 to 1856, the Sepoy Mutiny from 1857 to 1858, the New Zealand Land Wars that ended in 1872, and many various other conflicts, especially in colonies in British Imperial possession in the 1850s, 60s and 70s.
The overall condition is rough. Dark, weathered patina throughout. The action is strong. The nipple is peened. The bore is smooth-bored, dim and dusty—untouched. The rear sight is a period installed and rudimentary replacement. The stock was cut short long ago and there is a break all around the area of the lock that has not been repaired—the whole thing holds together but does move if flexed. From all appearances, this is a musket made for martial use that was repurposed for civilian purposes after it was either captured or sold as surplus when it became obsolescent.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 39 inches.
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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